A Brown Pelican sits in heavy oil on the beach at East Grand Terre Island along the Louisiana coast Thursday, June 3, 2010. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)
Taken from: Answers.com (WikiAnswers).
Q: What products are derived from crude oil?
A: Crude oil is feedstock for just about everything under the sun. When crude oil is refined, its various chemical parts are separated and some become gasoline, some lubricants, some asphalt, and others the raw materials for plastics and rubber and many more things. Here are some examples of what can be obtained from petroleum (crude oil, natural gas, and/or viscous or solid forms):
Fuels - like gasoline, diesel, propane, heating oil
Heavy bottoms - like asphalt, bitumen, tar
Petrochemicals - used as a feedstock for many everyday products:
- plastic gadgets, tools, bags, toy, plastic bottles... plastic plastic...
- clothing (polyester, nylon)
- hand lotions
- petroleum jelly
- dishwashing liquids
- bubble gums
- car tires
- heart valves
- and many more
Crude oil is refined and used to make all these products:
- Ethane and other short-chain alkanes which are used as fuel
- Fuel oils
- Jet fuel
- Liquid petroleum gas (LPG)
- Natural gas
- Alkenes (olefins) which can be manufactured into plastics or other compounds
- Lubricants (produces light machine oils, motor oils, and greases, adding viscosity stabilizers as required).
- Wax, used in the packaging of frozen foods, among others.
- Sulfur or Sulfuric acid. These are a useful industrial materials. Sulfuric acid is usually prepared as the acid precursor oleum, a byproduct of sulfur removal from fuels.
- Bulk tar.
- Petroleum coke, used in speciality carbon products or as solid fuel.
- Paraffin wax
- Aromatic petrochemicals to be used as precursors in other chemical production.